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The Institute of Deposition of Testimonies: Criminal Procedure Codes of Post-Soviet States

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This article argues about the importance of gathering written evidence (testimony) which, as a prototype of judicial deposition, may be regarded as an effective instrument for criminal procedure. The article incorporates the works of the British, German, and Russian theorists of the 19th century, and the legislative regulations of this period. Despite the fact that the concept of “judicial deposition” has only recently entered into practice in the new criminal procedure codes of post-Soviet states, its roots can be traced back to the 19th century English law. This paper focuses on the legislative regulations of the post-Soviet countries, in particular, the procedures set out in the new criminal procedure codes, including the novelties and peculiarities of the Draft Criminal Procedure Code of the Republic of Armenia. The authors have referred, in more detail, to the Criminal Procedure Code of the Republic of Armenia, which has substantial peculiarities. In this respect, the article presents the opinions of the experts on judicial deposition testimonies. Discussing the differences in the legislative regulations of several countries, this article, through a comparative analysis, points how different countries approach deposition of testimonies. Additionally, the article examines the fundamental differences between deposition testimonies and hearsay evidence.

About the Authors

Artur Ghambaryan
Russian-Armenian University

Professor, Department of Theory and History of State and Law

123 Hovsep Emin St., Yerevan, 0051, Armenia

Liana Ghazaryan
University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne

LL.M. Student, Department of General Public Law

12 Place of Panthéon, Paris, 75231, France


1. Бентам И. О судебных доказательствах [Bentham J. Rationale of Judicial Evidence] (Kyiv: M.P. Fritz’s Printing House, 1876).

2. Миттермайер К.Ю.А. Уголовное судопроизводство в Англии, Шотландии и Северной Америке [Mittermaier C.J.A. Criminal Proceedings in England, Scotland and North America] (Moscow: A. Unkovsky, 1864).

3. Стифен Дж. Очерк доказательственного права [Stephen J. A Digest of the Law of Evidence] (St. Petersburg: Senate Printing House, 1910).


For citation:

Ghambaryan A., Ghazaryan L. The Institute of Deposition of Testimonies: Criminal Procedure Codes of Post-Soviet States. Russian Law Journal. 2020;8(1):84-110.

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ISSN 2309-8678 (Print)
ISSN 2312-3605 (Online)