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Eurasian Economic Union Court and WTO Dispute Settlement Body: Two Housewives in One Kitchen

https://doi.org/10.17589/2309-8678-2019-7-3-169-193

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Abstract

Using the approach of the United Nations International Law Commission, the law of the Eurasian Economic Union and WTO law might be regarded as autonomous complexes of rules. However, in all current disputes the DSB treats the norms of EAEU law as measures adopted by a specific EAEU member, but not as international law within the meaning of the ILC. These disputes concern import tariffs, anti-dumping investigations, and technical regulation and reveal a number of specific features. First, the EAEU measures are attributable to every EAEU member. Second, the WTO members may try to challenge in the DSB the measures adopted by an EAEU member in its national legislation based on EAEU law that affect national legislation of that EAEU member, rather than EAEU law as such. Third, “forum shopping” may arise, for the same measure can be challenged under EAEU law in the EAEU Court and under WTO law in the DSB. Finally, to overcome uncertainty concerning WTO law in EAEU Court jurisprudence, it is necessary to clarify the approach of the EAEU Court. The authors conclude that this approach should provide for the Court’s right to interpret EAEU law relying on WTO law and DSB jurisprudence. Such interpretation should be made within the context and object of the EAEU Treaty. However, the autonomous EAEU legal order cannot be implemented until the Treaty on Functioning of the Customs Union within the Multilateral Trading System is applicable.

About the Authors

Daria Boklan
National Research University Higher School of Economics
Russian Federation

Professor, Department of Public and Private Law, Faculty of Law

3 Bolshoy Trekhsvyatitelskiy pereulok, Moscow, 109028



Ilya Lifshits
Russian Foreign Trade Academy
Russian Federation

Associate Professor, Department of International Law

4a Pudovkina st., Moscow, 119285  



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For citation:


Boklan D., Lifshits I. Eurasian Economic Union Court and WTO Dispute Settlement Body: Two Housewives in One Kitchen. Russian Law Journal. 2019;7(3):169-193. https://doi.org/10.17589/2309-8678-2019-7-3-169-193

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ISSN 2309-8678 (Print)
ISSN 2312-3605 (Online)