Preview

Russian Law Journal

Advanced search

Legal Systems of the Post-Soviet Non-Recognized States: Structural Problems

https://doi.org/10.17589/2309-8678-2019-7-2-81-100

Full Text:

Abstract

There are currently six non-recognized states (NRSs) in the post-Soviet space: the Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic (PMR, 1990), the Republic of South Ossetia (RSO, 1990), the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR, 1991), the Republic of Abkhazia (RA, 1994), the Lugansk People’s Republic (LPR, 2014) and the Donetsk People’s Republic (DNR, 2014). All of them have been formed as a result of armed conflicts between a state vigorously pursuing the policy of national unification and a minority residing compactly. On the one hand, the legal systems of these states ensure that both the state and the civil society function effectively. In particular, each legal system forms a basis for the state’s political system, sets out human rights and their guarantees and provides necessary regulation of commercial activities. On the other hand, these legal systems reflect certain “statehood deficiency” and are subject to a number of serious problems, including being dependent on political agenda as well as on certain foreign legal systems, providing no personal jurisdiction or property guarantees and having significantly underdeveloped commercial law and judicial system. This “statehood deficiency” has two main causes: the community being not ready for state building (weak statehood traditions; lack of qualified personnel, economic resources and industrial base; high level of corruption, etc.) and the state being non-recognized (including the consequences of this status such as inability to participate in international cooperation, dependence on major geopolitical players, existence of an external threat, etc.).

About the Authors

Vladislav Tolstykh
Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Russian Federation

Senior Researcher, Institute of Philosophy and Law.

8 Nikolaeva St., Novosibirsk, 630090.



Mariam Grigoryan
Artsakh State University.
Azerbaijan

Graduate.

5 M. Gosha St., Stepanakert, 375000, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.



Tatiana Kovalenko
Lugansk Academy of Internal Affairs.
Ukraine

Associate Professor, Vice-Rector for Research.

1 Pushkin St., Lugansk, 93400.



References

1. Bagdasaryan S. & Petrova S. The Republic of Abkhazia as an Unrecognized State, 5(1) Russian Law Journal 98 (2017). https://doi.org/10.17589/2309-8678-2017-5-1-98-118

2. Comai G. What Is the Effect of Non-Recognition? The External Relations of De Facto States in the Post-Soviet Space (Dublin: Dublin City University, 2018).

3. De Waal T. Uncertain Ground: Engaging with Europe’s De Facto States and Breakaway Territories (Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2018).

4. Harzl B. The Law and Politics of Engaging De Facto States: Injecting New Ideas for an Enhanced EU Role (Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2018).

5. Toomla R. De Facto States in the International System: Conditions for (In-)Formal Engagement (Tartu: University of Tartu Press, 2014).

6. Turmanidze S. Status of the De Facto State in Public International Law: A Legal Appraisal of the Principle of Effectiveness (Hamburg: University of Hamburg, 2010).

7. Unrecognized States and Secession in the 21st Century (M. Riegl & B. Doboš (eds.), Cham: Springer, 2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56913-0

8. Unrecognized States: The Struggle for Sovereignty in the Modern International System (N. Caspersen (ed.), Cambridge: Polity Press, 2012).


For citation:


Tolstykh V., Grigoryan M., Kovalenko T. Legal Systems of the Post-Soviet Non-Recognized States: Structural Problems. Russian Law Journal. 2019;7(2):81-100. https://doi.org/10.17589/2309-8678-2019-7-2-81-100

Views: 451


ISSN 2309-8678 (Print)
ISSN 2312-3605 (Online)