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Building Human Rights, Peace and Development within the United Nations

https://doi.org/10.17589/2309-8678-2015-3-1-58-91

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Abstract

War and peace have perpetually alternated in history. Consequently, peace has always been seen as an endless project, even a dream, to be in brotherhood realized by everyone across the earth. Since the XVII century the elimination of war and armed conflict has been a political and humanitarian objective of all nations in the world. Both the League of Nations and the United Nations were conceived with the spirit of eliminating the risk of war through the promotion of peace, cooperation and solidarity among Nations. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the subsequent human rights instruments were drafted with a sincere aspiration of promoting the value of peace and human rights worldwide. International practice shows the close linkage between the disregard of human rights and the existence of war and armed conflict. It follows that the role of human rights in the prevention of war and armed conflict is very important. Since 2008 the Human Rights Council has been working on the ‘Promotion of the Right of Peoples to Peace.’ Pursuant resolutions 20/15 and 23/16 the Council decided firstly to establish, and secondly to extend the mandate of the Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG) aimed at progressively negotiating a draft United Nations declaration on the right to peace. The OEGW welcomed in its second session (July 2014) the approach of the Chairperson-Rapporteur, which is basically based on the relationship between the right to life and human rights, peace and development.

About the Authors

Christian Guillermet Fernández
the United Nations; the Working Group on the Right to Peace
Switzerland

Deputy Permanent Representative of Costa Rica (San José) to the United Nations in Geneva;

Chairperson- Rapporteur (23 Rue de France, Geneva, 1202, Switzerland)



David Fernández Puyana
the Permanent Mission of Costa Rica in the United Nations in Geneva
Switzerland

PhD (European Mention), Legal Assistant of the Chairperson-Rapporteur,

(23 Rue de France, Geneva, 1202, Switzerland)



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For citation:


Fernández C., Puyana D. Building Human Rights, Peace and Development within the United Nations. Russian Law Journal. 2015;3(1):58-91. https://doi.org/10.17589/2309-8678-2015-3-1-58-91

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ISSN 2309-8678 (Print)
ISSN 2312-3605 (Online)