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Collective Labor Disputes and Strikes in Russia: The Impact of Judicial Precedents and Enforcement

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The right to strike is recognized in the Constitution and the Labor Code of the Russian Federation as a means to resolve collective labor disputes. However, in Russia labor protests come up for discussion much more frequently than strikes. In recent years the number of labor protests in Russia, including various forms of work stoppage, has increased significantly compared to previous years, but the number of legally constituted collective labor disputes and strikes has remained very low. The legislation on resolution of collective labor disputes and mounting strikes is quite restrictive in Russia, and its enforcement also encourages employees to seek alternative ways to settle collective labor conflicts. There is little empirical research on the judicial implementation of these norms and its influence on the enforcement of legislation. Therefore, this paper analyses the reasoning of courts in cases on the legality of strikes, their interpretations of the law, and the impact these decisions have on the enforcement of the legislation on resolution of collective labor disputes and strikes. Our conclusion is that the courts act as another restrictive influence on the resolution of collective labor disputes and the exercise of the right to strike in Russia.

About the Author

Elena Gerasimova
National Research University Higher School of Economics
Russian Federation

Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Labor Law and Social Security Law, Faculty of Law 

3 Bol’shoy Trekhsvyatitel’skiy pereulok, Moscow, 109028


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For citation:

Gerasimova E. Collective Labor Disputes and Strikes in Russia: The Impact of Judicial Precedents and Enforcement. Russian Law Journal. 2017;5(2):5-32.

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ISSN 2309-8678 (Print)
ISSN 2312-3605 (Online)