Russian Law Journal

Advanced search

The Legal Nature and the Place of the Right to Disconnect in European and in Russian Labour Law

Full Text:


The first part of this article is devoted to the legislative proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and the Council on the right to disconnect that was adopted on 21 January 2021 in the European Parliament Resolution. In this part of the article the legal nature of the “right to disconnect, “the personal and material scope of this right as well as the relationship to other (fundamental) labour rights and different aspects of the employment relationship are analysed. Furthermore, the author discloses the gaps of the legislative proposal and makes some suggestions concerning a new concept of working conditions. The second part of the article focuses on Russian labour law. During the process of reforming the legislation on remote work it was widely discussed whether “a right to disconnect” should be provided for in the Russian Labour Code. The author analyses problems with the organisation of working time concerning the application of a special working regime entitled “unregular working day” and the recording of working time. Furthermore, the perspectives of the application of self-protection of labour rights as a way to guarantee the right to disconnect are examined. The conclusion stresses which measures would be necessary for an effective execution and enforcement of the right to disconnect.

About the Author

Olga Chesalina
Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy

Olga Chesalina – Senior Researcher

33 Amalienstraße, Munich, 80799


1. Beermann B. Menschengerechte Gestaltung der Arbeit – Arbeitsschutz in der digitalisierten Arbeitswelt in Gute Arbeit. Arbeitszeit und Digitalisierung – Impulse für eine moderne Arbeitsgestaltung 109 (Lothar Schröder ed., 2020).

2. Bjelinski Radić I. The Impact of Digitalisation on Individual Labour Relations: Working Time as an Outdated Concept? in The Future of Work: Labour Law and Labour Market Regulation in the Digital Era 211 (Adalberto Perulli & Tiziano Treu eds., 2021).

3. Blanke T. Fair and Just Working Conditions (Art. 31) in European Labour Law and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights 357 (Brian Bercusson ed., 2006).

4. Chesalina O. ‘Glass Employees’ vs. Platform Workers: Are There Any Differences? in The Value of Work and its Rules between Innovation and Tradition: ‘Labour is Not a Commodity’ Today 64 (Anthony Forsyth et al. eds., 2020).

5. De Stefano V. Non-Standard Work and Limits on Freedom of Association: A Human- Based Approach, 46(2) Ind. L.J. 185 (2017).

6. De Stefano V. Not as Simple as it Seems: The ILO and the Personal Scope of International Labour Standards, 160(3) Int. Labour Rev. 387 (2021).

7. Deakin S. & Wilkinson F. Rights vs Efficiency? The Economic Case for Transnational Labour Standards, 23(4) Ind. L.J. 289 (1994).

8. Ferrante V. Between Health and Salary: The Incomplete Regulation of Working Time in European Law, 10(4) Eur. Labour L.J. 370 (2019).

9. Fudge J. The New Discourse of Labour Rights: From Social to Fundamental Rights?, 29(1) Comp. Lab. L. & Pol’y J. 29 (2007).

10. Gallner I. Arbeitszeit- und Urlaubsrecht europäisch gedacht, 2 Soziales Recht 50 (2020).

11. Kovács E. The Legal Nature of Art. 30 CFREU – A Human Right, a Fundamental Right, a Right? in New Developments in Labour, Equality and Human Rights Law 11 (Mario Vinković ed., 2015).

12. Kurt S. Schutz und Verantwortung in der digitalen und globalen Arbeitswelt (2020).

13. Lörcher K. Article 3. The Right to Safe and Healthy Working Conditions in The European Social Charter and the Employment Relation 181 (N. Bruun et al. eds., 2017).

14. Lyutov N. & Voitkovska I. Remote Work and Platform Work: The Prospects for Legal Regulation in Russia, 9(1) Russian L.J. 81 (2021).

15. Mitrus L. Potential Implications of the Matzak Judgment (Quality of Rest Time, Right to Disconnect), 10(4) Eur. Labour L.J. 386 (2019).

16. Müller N. Digitalisierung und psychische Belastungen – Bilanz und Handlungsperspektiven für Gute Arbeit in Gute Arbeit. Arbeitszeit und Digitalisierung – Impulse für eine moderne Arbeitsgestaltung 34 (Lothar Schröder ed., 2020).

17. Schmidt A. & Skrabs S. Arbeitszeit im Spannungsfeld zwischen Digitalisierung und Gesundheitsschutz in Gute Arbeit. Arbeitszeit und Digitalisierung – Impulse für eine moderne Arbeitsgestaltung 119 (Lothar Schröder ed., 2020).

18. Swepston L. How the ILO Embraced Human Rights in Research Handbook on Labour, Business and Human Rights Law 295 (Janice R. Bellace & Beryl ter Haar eds., 2019).

19. Timellini C. Disconnection: A Right in a Phase of Progressive Definition in New Forms of Employment: Current Problems and Future Challenges 119 (Jerzy Wratny & Agata Ludera-Ruszel eds., 2020).

For citation:

Chesalina O. The Legal Nature and the Place of the Right to Disconnect in European and in Russian Labour Law. Russian Law Journal. 2021;9(3):36-59.

Views: 122

ISSN 2309-8678 (Print)
ISSN 2312-3605 (Online)