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Correlation Between Female Identity in Civil Society and Criminal Repression in Hungary and Russia

https://doi.org/10.17589/2309-8678-2020-8-4-92-108

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Abstract

Exploring data on recidivism in Hungary and Russia, the authors study the presence gender dimension of crime prevention. We agree with the assertion that crimes are predominantly committed by males but they believe that theoretical hypotheses developed by criminologists through the examples of men’s crimes cannot be transferred to women by default. Feminist criminology deals with the relationship of female identity in Russian society and crime, above all, recidivism. Analysis of data on the state of crime in Russia shows that, despite the general positive dynamics of its decrease, the rate of recidivism remains at a high level. In Hungary rates of repetition of offences committed by women are also rising. The aim of the study is to analyze the causes and conditions of female recidivism through the prism of the socio-psychological concept of crime causality. The novelty of the study is expressed in establishing the asymmetry of the criminal policy towards women, who, due to their conformity, are more prone to manifestations of repeated deviation. The authors conclude that the intense increase in recidivism is evidence of the ineffectiveness of the criminal, prison and preventive policies.

About the Authors

Miklós Tihanyi
University of Public Service
Hungary

Professor Assistant, Faculty of Law Enforcement

2 Ludovika tér, Budapest, H-1083 



Szabolcs Mátyás
University of Public Service
Hungary

Professor Assistant, Faculty of Law Enforcement

2 Ludovika tér, Budapest, H-1083



Vince Vári
University of Public Service
Hungary

Professor Assistant, Faculty of Law Enforcement

2 Ludovika tér, Budapest, H-1083



Kristina Krasnova
North-west Branch of Russian State University of Justice
Russian Federation

Associate Professor, Department of Criminal Law

5 Aleksandrovsky Park, St. Petersburg, 197046 



Maria Volkova
Russian State Social University
Russian Federation

Associate Professor, Department of Civil Law Disciplines, Law Faculty

18 Stromynka St., Moscow, 107076 



References

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2. Köllő J. Nők a hazai munkaerőpiacon – Historikus adatsorok és trendek az elmúlt tíz évben: Aktivitás, foglalkoztatás, munkanélküliség és bérek [Women in the Domestic Labor Market – Historical Data Series and Trends over the Last Ten Years: Activity, Employment, Unemployment, and Wages] in Munkaerőpiaci tükör 2017 [The Hungarian Labour Market 2017] 53 (K. Fazekas & a. Szabo-morvai (eds.), Budapest: research Center for economics and regional Studies of the Hungarian academy of Sciences, institute of economics, 2018).

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For citation:


Tihanyi M., Mátyás S., Vári V., Krasnova K., Volkova M. Correlation Between Female Identity in Civil Society and Criminal Repression in Hungary and Russia. Russian Law Journal. 2020;8(4):92-108. https://doi.org/10.17589/2309-8678-2020-8-4-92-108

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ISSN 2309-8678 (Print)
ISSN 2312-3605 (Online)