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Legal Nature and Enforcement of Settlement Agreements: Comparative Review

https://doi.org/10.17589/2309-8678-2020-8-3-116-140

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Abstract

The article is devoted to two major issues: the substantive nature of settlement agreement, and legal remedies available for a creditor under compromise which interest is not satisfied voluntarily. Both issues are covered from comparative perspective employing Russian and the United States statutes, case law and doctrine. First, the paper demonstrates that, while Russian doctrines has evolved a sui generis approach to substantial nature of settlement agreement, United States tend to consider it as special contractual type with consideration granted specifically for termination of a legal dispute. Second, the article analyzes scope of res judicata effect invoked in course of Russian and U.S.-governed settlement, as well as common points and differences in granting creditors with relief in forms of specific performance and recovery of damages. Finally, the paper considers problem of rescission as remedy for material breach of compromise. Author comes to conclusion on desirability of employing this type of claim into Russian legislation.

About the Author

Artyom Berlin
Saint Petersburg State University
Russian Federation

Junior research Assistant, department of Civil Procedure

7 22nd Line v.O., Saint Petersburg, 199106

 



References

1. Feldmiller G.E. & Brandt W.P. Settlement Agreements as Contracts in Settlement Agreements in Commercial Disputes: Negotiating, Drafting & Enforcement 5-1 (R. Rosen (ed.), New York: Aspen Publishers, 2002).

2. Goldman M.D. & Ralston B.C. Rescission and Avoidance of Settlement Agreements in Settlement Agreements in Commercial Disputes: Negotiating, Drafting & Enforcement 18-1 (R. Rosen (ed.), New York: Aspen Publishers, 2002).

3. Nachbar K.J. & Brown Morris P.J. Legal Enforcement of Specific Terms in Settlement Agreements in Commercial Disputes: Negotiating, Drafting & Enforcement 16-1 (R. Rosen (ed.), New York: Aspen Publishers, 2002).


For citation:


Berlin A. Legal Nature and Enforcement of Settlement Agreements: Comparative Review. Russian Law Journal. 2020;8(3):116-140. https://doi.org/10.17589/2309-8678-2020-8-3-116-140

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ISSN 2309-8678 (Print)
ISSN 2312-3605 (Online)
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