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The development of practice and theoretical discourse in the field of environmental law has led to the new arrangements for criminal sanctions as primum remedium. The purpose of determining criminal sanctions is intended to provide protection and benefit for the social interests of the community for a good and healthy environment.This research is a normative legal research with using a prescriptive analysis. The results show that the urgency of primum remedium on absolute responsibility (strict liability) in criminal acts of pollution and/or damage to the environment is very clear and it appears that many environments have been damaged due to widespread pollution and environmental damage due to hazardous and toxic waste (B3). The perpetrators of environmental crimes feel that there is a deterrent effect from their actions which are detrimental to the environment itself polluted, many people become victims of disturbance health, and the Indonesian state itself as a result of environmental pollution and destruction.

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