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Objectives: The study aims to shed light on the social life of the Mongols, and to show through it the components of the Mongolian society of the ruling class, the public class, the merchants class, craftsmen, and the slave class, and the laws that linked these components to the customs and traditions that they practiced by conveying an image of their character, morals, and their food and drink habits, their homes, their clothes, the traditions, holidays and occasions they adhered to despite the lack of sources that talk about the social aspect in general, most of the writings of contemporary historians were related to the military and political aspects and neglected the other aspects, and the researchers also dealt with the status of women in Mongol society, which had an influential role And big on events.

Methodology: In this study, it is relied on all historical sources, Arabic, Persian, and English, and focused on the descriptive and analytical side of the historical narratives in order to make a comparison between them and show the contradiction and similarities in them. The study focused on four axes as comprehensive of the social life of the Mongols. The third axis showed customs, traditions and holidays, and the fourth axis clarified women in the Mongolian society.

Conclusions: The nature of the social life that the Mongols lived had a great influence on the brutality and cruelty with which they were described. The life of misery, travel and conquest in search of sources of livelihood is sufficient reason to make them always thirsty for blood in order to reach their goal, which is to secure a comfortable life for them, and therefore the social environment was the most influential reason for building the characteristics and personality of the Mongolian individual.

Article Details

Public Law
Author Biography



1Department of History, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Iraq

2Department of History, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Iraq



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