Future Impact of the ASEAN-Russia Law Declaration to the International Terrorism: Can We Combat Terrorist Without War?

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Ridwan Arifin, Muhamad Adji Rahardian Utama



Terrorism is defined as coordinated attacks aimed at arousing feelings of terror against a group of people. In contrast to war, acts of terrorism are not subject to the rules of war such as the time of execution that is always sudden and the target of casualties that are random and often are civilians. Terrorism is increasingly becoming a scourge for modern civilization. The nature of the actions, actors, strategic goals, motivations, expected and achieved results, Terrorism targets and methods are now increasingly widespread and varied. So it is increasingly clear that terror is not a form of ordinary destructive violence, but it is a crime against human peace and security. In order to prevent and combat Terrorism, since long before the occurrence of events classified as a form of Terrorism occurred in the world, international and regional communities and various countries have attempted criminal policies accompanied by systematic and comprehensive criminalization of categorized acts as Terrorism. Under the provisions of the 12 convention includes the main protocol rules adopted by the United Nations. These international agreements principally regulate norms including the responsibility of the state in addressing the problem of terrorism with all countries including the ASEAN region and the Russian Federation declaring to fight terrorism. Russia itself as one of the two world superpowers which is seen as having a strong military is considered strategic for ASEAN to establish cooperation in the field of security and defense in the fight against terrorism. Through collaboration agreement and ratification of terrorism regulations in their respective countries, both the ASEAN region and the Russian Federation are expected to prevent further terrorism in their respective regions.

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